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Investing Research Articles

Can the “Experts” Help You Beat the Market?

Should investors follow the recommendations of experts in picking stocks? Consider the findings in a April 2001 paper entitled “Can Investors Profit from the Prophets? Security Analyst Recommendations and Stock Returns” by Brad Barber, Reuven Lehavy, Maureen McNichols and Brett Trueman. Using the Zacks database for the period 1986 through 1996, they conclude that: Keep Reading

50-Year Fed Model Meme?

Is the Fed Model a useful market timing tool? In their March 2005 paper entitled “The Market P/E Ratio: Stock Returns, Earnings, and Mean Reversion”, Robert Weigand and Robert Irons investigate whether very high price/earnings (P/E) ratios foreshadow poor future stock market performance. Using data over the very long period from 1881 to 2002, they find that: Keep Reading

One Up on the Fed Model?

In their June 2003 paper entitled “A General Theory of Stock Market Valuation and Return”, Christophe Faugere and Julian Van Erlach contend that past stock returns are overstated and develop a market valuation formula that out-fits the Fed Model. Specifically, they show that: Keep Reading

Earnings Yield-Interest Rate Spread

In his May 2002 paper entitled “Market Timing Strategies that Worked”, Pu Shen evaluates the effectiveness of the spreads between the S&P 500 index earnings yield (the earnings/price ratio or E/P) and the yields on 10-year Treasury notes (T-note) and 3-month Treasury bills (T-bill) as market timing indicators. By constructing “horse races” between switching strategies that call for investing in the stock market index unless spreads are lower than predefined thresholds during 1970-2000, he concludes that: Keep Reading

Reversion to Something

Do stock index prices fluctuate around some value baseline? In his March 2001 paper entitled “Temporary Movements in Stock Prices”, Jonathan Lewellen investigates the degree to which stock market returns exhibit long-term reversion. Using data from the period 1926-1998, he concludes that: Keep Reading

Are Short Sellers Smarter Than the Average Bear?

Should investors avoid stock with a high short interest? In their March 2004 paper entitled “Short Interest and Stock Returns”, Paul Asquith, Parag A. Pathak and Jay R. Ritter examine short selling trends and test the performance of stocks with high levels of short interest. Using data covering the period 7/88-12/02 for NYSE-AMEX-NASDAQ firms and 2/76-12/02 for NYSE-AMEX firms only, they find that: Keep Reading

Implicit Coordination of Individual Investors?

In their April 2003 paper entitled “Systematic Noise”, Brad Barber, Terrance Odean and Ning Zhu investigate the degree to which the trading behaviors of individual investors are systematic and herd-like. Using samples of 66,465 investors at a large national discount broker and 665,533 investors at a large retail broker, they find that: Keep Reading

The Lure of Trading?

Is frequent trading an essential aspect of portfolio outperformance? In their April 2000 paper entitled “Trading Is Hazardous to Your Wealth: The Common Stock Investment Performance of Individual Investors”, Brad Barber and Terrance Odean examine the trading behavior and returns of retail investors. Using data for 66,465 households at a large discount brokerage firm during 1991-1996, they find that: Keep Reading

Does Investor Sentiment Give Trading Signals?

Should traders lean with or against the crowd? In their May 2002 paper entitled “Investor Sentiment and the Near-term Stock Market”, Gregory Brown and Michael Cliff from investigate whether investor sentiment offers any valid trading signals. They find that: Keep Reading

Randomly Walking in Circles?

In his April 2003 working paper entitled “The Efficient Market Hypothesis and Its Critics”, Burton Malkiel, author of A Random Walk Down Wall Street, contends that “a blindfolded chimpanzee throwing darts at the Wall Street Journal could select a portfolio that would do as well as the experts.” Has recent work of the behavioral finance community and the pattern-finders changed his mind? Keep Reading

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