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Active vs. Passive U.S. Equity Mutual Funds in Recent Years

Posted in Investing Expertise, Mutual/Hedge Funds

Do active U.S. equity mutual funds beat their passive counterparts in recent years? In the September 2018 version of his paper entitled "The Historical Record on Active vs. Passive Mutual Fund Performance", David Nanigian compares risk-adjusted annual performance of active versus passive U.S. equity mutual funds as categorized and monitored in the Morningstar Direct survivorship bias-free database. He measures rise-adjusted performance based on the Carhart 4-factor model (accounting for market, size, book-to-market and momentum factors) alpha. He considers both value-weighted (VW), based on fund assets under management at the end of the prior month, and equal-weighted (EW) combinations of funds. In addition to the full sample, he considers separately funds in the bottom fifth (quintile) of expense ratios. He also compares active and passive funds paired based on similar expense ratios. Using monthly fund data as specified during 2003 through 2017, he finds that:

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