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Retirement Income Planning Model

April 12, 2021 • Posted in Individual Investing, Strategic Allocation

How should financial advisers and investors approach retirement income planning? In their January 2021 paper entitled “A Model Approach to Selecting a Personalized Retirement Income Strategy”, Alejandro Murguia and Wade Pfau design and validate a questionnaire designed to quantify retirement income styles based on six preference scales:

  1. Probability-based vs. Safety First (main) – depending on market growth vs. contractually promised.
  2. Optionality vs. Commitment (main) – flexibility to respond to changing economic conditions/personal situation vs. fixed commitment.
  3. Time-based vs. Perpetuity (secondary) – fixed horizon vs. indefinite retirement income.
  4. Accumulation vs. Distribution (secondary) – portfolio growth vs. predictable income during retirement.
  5. Front-loading vs. Back-loading (secondary) – higher income distributions during early retirement vs. consistent life-style throughout.
  6. True vs. Technical Liquidity (secondary) – earmarked reserves/buffers vs. reserves taken from other goals.

The output is the Retirement Income Style Awareness (RISA)™ Profile. They then link profile types to four main retirement income strategies:

  1. Systematic withdrawals with total return (conventional portfolio) investing.
  2. Risk wrap with deferred annuities.
  3. Protected income with immediate annuities.
  4. Time segmentation or bucketing.

Based on the body of retirement investment research and survey feedback from 1,478 readers of RetirementResearcher.com, they conclude that: (more…)

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